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A Member shall not be questioned or held liable in any other place for any speech or debate in the Assembly or in any committee thereof. Until the National Assembly shall provide otherwise, the President shall receive an annual salary of one hundred thousand pesos. The Rules of Court shall govern the promulgation of minute resolutions.

Constitution philippines pdf download otherwise provided by law, all election cases shall be decided within ninety days from the date constitution philippines pdf download their submission for decision. The Prime Minister shall be the head of the government.

Charitable institutions, churches, personages cinstitution convents appurtenant thereto, mosques and non-profit cemeteries, and constitution philippines pdf download lands, buildings downlpad improvements actually, directly, and exclusively used for religious or charitable purposes shall be exempt from taxation. However, after arraignment, trial may proceed notwithstanding the absence of the accused provided that he has been duly notified and his failure to appear is unjustified.

Highly urbanized cities, as determined by standards established in the local government code shall be independent of the province. The Philippines is a republican state. The Prime Minister shall appoint the heads of bureaus and offices, the officers of the armed forces of the Philippines from the rank of brigadier general or commodore, and all other officers of the Government whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and those whom he may be authorized by law to appoint.

The Prime Minister may contract and guarantee foreign and domestic loans on behalf of the Republic of the Philippines, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.

The Prime Minister shall have the power to veto any particular item or items in appropriation, revenue, or tariff bill, but the veto shall not affect the item or items to which he does not object. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the phllippines, and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.

Constitution philippines pdf download President shall be elected from among constitution philippines pdf download Members of the National Assembly by a majority vote of all its Members for a term of six years from the date he takes his oath of office, which shall not be later than three days after constitution philippines pdf download proclamation of the National Assembly, nor in any case earlier than the expiration of the term of his predecessor.

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Public officers and employees shall serve with the highest degree of responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency, and shall remain accountable to the people. The Supreme Court shall have the following powers: Any public officer or employee separated from the service as a result of the reorganization effected under this Constitution shall, if entitled constitution philippines pdf download the laws then in force, receive the retirement and other benefits accruing thereunder.

All other cases, which under its rules are required to be heard en banc, shall be decided with the concurrence of at least eight Members. All cases involving the constitutionality of a treaty, executive agreement, or law shall be heard and decided by the Supreme Court en banc, and no treaty, executive agreement, or law may be declared unconstitutional without the concurrence of at least ten Members. The Prime Minister shall be elected by a majority of all the Constitution philippines pdf download of the National Assembly from among themselves.

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and whatever purpose shall not be violated, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined by the judge, or such other responsible officer as maybe authorized by law, after examination under oath or affirmation of the complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly constitution philippines pdf download the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

No officer or employee in the Civil Constitution philippines pdf download, including members of the armed forces, shall engage directly or indirectly in any partisan political activity or take part in any election, except to vote. Any decision, order, or ruling of the Commission may be brought to the Supreme Court on certiorari by the aggrieved party within thirty days from his receipt of a copy thereof.

Any person under investigation for the commission of an offense shall have the right to remain silent and to counsel, and to be informed of such right. If an act is punished by a law and an ordinance, conviction or acquittal under either shall constitute a bar to another prosecution for the same act. No money shall be paid out of the Treasury except in pursuance of constitution philippines pdf download appropriation made by law. The Interim National Assembly may by constitution philippines pdf download adopt a new name for the country, a national anthem, and a national seal, which shall all be truly reflective and symbolic of ideas, history, and traditions of the people.

Any constitution philippines pdf download of paragraph one, Section 14, Article VIII and of this Article notwithstanding, the Prime Minister may enter into international treaties or agreement as the national welfare and interest may require.

Notify me of follow-up comments by email. All institutions of higher learning shall enjoy academic freedom. Decide, save those involving the right to vote, administrative questions affecting elections, including the determination of the number and location of polling places, the appointment of election officials and inspectors, and the registration of voters.


The participation of foreign investors in pef governing body of any public utility enterprise shall be limited to their proportionate share in the capital thereof. All cases in which the jurisdiction of any inferior court is in issue.

The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to schools established for foreign diplomatic personnel and their dependents and, unless otherwise provided by constitution philippines pdf download, for other foreign temporary resident. The Civil Service embraces every branch, agency, subdivision, and instrumentality of the government, including every government- owned or philippimes corporation.

So help me God. Scholarships, grants-in-aid, or other forms of incentives shall be provided for specially gifted children. The defense of the State is the prime duty of government, and in the fulfillment of this duty all citizens may be required by law to render personal military or civil service. Constitution philippines pdf download resides in the constitution philippines pdf download and all government dowjload emanates from them.

No private corporation or association may hold by lease, concession, license, or permit timber or forest lands and other timber or forest pyilippines in excess of one hundred thousand hectares; however, such area may be increased by the National Assembly upon recommendation of the National Economic and Development Authority.

The President shall have the following duties and functions: No officer or employee in the Civil Service shall be suspended or dismissed except for cause xonstitution by law.

The disposition, exploration, development, exploitation, or utilization of any of the natural resources of the Philippines shall be limited to citizens of the Philippines, or to corporations or associations at least sixty per centum of the capital which is owned by such citizens.

Any amendment to, or revision constitution philippines pdf download, this Constitution may be proposed by the National Assembly upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members, or by a constitutional convention. However, it may be called to session at any time by the Prime Minister to consider such subjects or legislation as he may designate.

Unless otherwise provided by law, any decision, order, or ruling of the Commission may be brought to the Supreme Court constitution philippines pdf download certiorari by the aggrieved party within days from his receipt of a copy thereof.